Learning disability is a general term that refers to a group of disorders manifested by difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening,speaking,reading,writing,reasoning or mathematical skills
Children with LD are usually of average or above average intelligence . but there is a discrepancy between ability and achievement .
Some of the LD s are
Dyslexia-disorder of reading
Dysgraphia-disorders of writing
Dyscalculia-disorder in mathematics
Dyslexia is the most common disorder among LDs affecting children.
5% of school age children are affected with Dyslexia
Phonological deficit may be the reason behind Dyslexia/LDs
To read a word , a reader should segment the word in to its phonological elements and then he understands and speaks.
In dyslexia this phonological deficit impairs decoding results in reading difficulties.
There are some changes found in children with LDs . generally brains (left,right) are not equal in normal persons.
Left brain is bigger than right brain in the posterior region and right brain is bigger than left in the anterior region.-this what seen in normal individual . but in LDs there are no differences in the size of the brain
Signs of LDs
-language delay: the earliest sign in LD
-difficulty in writing
-irregular handwriting with reversal of letters
-irregular size and spacing of words
LDs are life long problems so continuous monitoring is needed
Children should be identified and sent to a team of experts
Earlier the diagnosis better the outcome , they should be sent before second grade
Facilities are available for children with LDs.so diagnosis and certification can change the life of the kid
1..Second language exemptions are provided for children with dyslexia
2. Extra time for board examinations to the certified children
3. Provision of scribes for children with dysgraphia
4. Use of calculators in the examinations for children with dyscalculia
National Institute of open schooling provides support for LD children. NIOS offers a wide selection of vocational and non vocational subjects upto the pre degree level
Students registered with NIOS are free to select their subjects of choice in any combination and are free to pursue their education at their own pace
Address of the institute
National Institute of open schooling
A-38, Kailash Colony